16. Ions and Equilibrium;
       Acids and Bases
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       Strong Acids and Bases

The behavior of strong acids and bases is similar to that of salts. Strong acids dissociate completely in water (below) with the liberation of a proton (hydrogen ion):

Sulfuric acid also releases a second proton, but only incompletely, as a weak acid.) Strong bases in aqueous solution produce hydroxide ions:

Since these compounds dissociate completely in water, the concentration of H+ or OH- ions produced is the same as the overall concentration of the added acid or base. The concentration of hydrogen ions in
a tenth-molar solution of nitric acid is 0. 10 mole per liter.

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