Because the third-shell electrons are farther from the nucleus,
they are held more weakly.
The first ionization energies, plotted at the top of this page,
Within each shell, the first IE increases with atomic number because
of the increased charge on the nucleus.
However, each third-row element has a lower first
IE than its second row analogue as the outer electrons are further
from the nucleus so much more easily removed.
Electronegativity values also follow this trend (see