APPENDIX

Substance

D H0298

kcal mol-1

D G0298

kcal mol-1

S0298

cal deg-1 mol-1

H (g)

52.089

48.575

27.393

H+ (aq)

0.0

0.0

0.0

H2 (g)

0.0

0.0

31.211

Li (g)

37.07

29.19

33.143

Li (s)

0.0

0.0

6.70

Li+ (aq)

66.554

70.22

3.4

LiF (s)

146.3

139.6

8.57

LiCl (s)

97.70

91.7

(13.2)

LiBr (s)

83.72

81.2

(16.5)

Na (g)

25.98

18.67

36.715

Na (s)

0.0

0.0

12.2

Na+ (aq)

57.279

62.589

14.4

Na2O (s)

99.4

90.0

17.4

NaOH(aq)

112.24

100.18

11.9

NaF (s)

136.0

129.3

14.0

NaCl (s)

98.232

91.785

17.3

NaBr (s)

86.030

83.1

 

NaI (s)

68.84

56.7

 

Na2CO3 (s)

270.3

250.4

32.5

K (g)

21.51

14.62

38.296

K (s)

0.0

0.0

15.2

K+ ( aq )

60.04

67.46

24.5

Rb (g)

20.51

13.35

40.628

Rb ( s )

0.0

0.0

16.6

Rb+ (aq)

58.9

67.45

29.7

Cs (g)

18.83

12.24

41.944

Cs (s)

0.0

0.0

19.8

Cs+(aq)

59.2

67.41

31.8

Be(g)

76.63

67.60

32.545

Be(s)

0.0

0.0

2.28

Be2+ (aq)

93

85.2

 

Mg (g)

35.9

27.6

35.504

Mg (s)

0.0

0.0

7.77

Mg2+ (aq)

110.41

108.99

28.2

MgO (s)

143.84

136.13

6.4

MgCl2 (s)

153.40

141.57

21.4

MgCl.6H2O ( s )

597.42

505.65

87.5

Ca (g)

46.04

37.98

36.99

Ca (s)

0.0

0.0

9.95

Ca2+ (aq)

129.77

132.18

13.2

CaCO3 (s,calcite)

288.45

269.78

22.2

CaCO3 (s,aragonite)

288.49

269.53

21.2

Sr (g)

39.2

26.3

39.325

Sr (s)

0.0

0.0

13.0

Sr2+(aq)

130.38

133.2

9.4

Ba (g)

41.96

34.60

40.699

Ba(s)

0.0

0.0

16

Ba2+(aq)

128.67

134.0

3

BaO (s)

133.4

126.3

16.8

BaCO3 (s)

291.3

272.2

26.8

Mn(s)

0.0

0.00

7.59

Mn2+ (aq)

52.3

53.4

20.0

MnO2 (s)

124.5

111.4

12.7

Fe (g)

96.68

85.76

43.11

Fe (s)

0.0

0.0

6.49

Fe2+ (aq)

21.0

20.30

27.1

Fe3+ (aq)

11.4

2.53

70.1

Fe2O3 (s, hematite)

196.5

177.1

21.5

Fe3O4 (s, magnetite)

267.9

242.4

35.0

Ni (s)

0.0

0.0

7.2

Ni2+ (s)

15.3

11.1

38.1

Cu(g)

81.52

72.04

39.744

Cu (s)

0.0

0.0

7.96

Cu+(aq)

(12.4)

12.0

(6.3)

Cu2+ (aq)

15.39

15.53

23.6

CuS04 (S)

184.00

158.2

27.1

Ag (g)

69.12

59.84

41.3221

Ag (s)

0.0

0.0

10.206

AgCl (s)

30.362

26.224

22.97

AgNO2 (s)

10.605

4.744

30.62

AgNO3 (s)

29.43

7.69

33.68

Zn (s)

0.0

0.0

9.95

Zn2+(aq)

36.43

_35.18

25.45

ZnO (s)

83.17

75.06

10.5

Hg (g)

14.54

7.59

41.80

Hg(l)

0.0

0.0

18.5

HgCl.) (s)

55.0

44.4

(34.5)

Hg2CI2 (s)

63.32

50.35

46.8

B (g)

97.2

86.7

36.649

B (s)

0.0

0.0

1.56

Al (g)

75.0

65.3

39.303

Al (s)

0.0

0.0

6.769

Al3+ (aq)

125.4

115.0

74.9

AlCl3 (s)

166.2

152.2

40

C (g)

171.698

160.845

37.761

C (s, diamond)

0.4532

0.6850

0.5829

C (s, graphite)

0.0

0.0

1.3609

CO (g)

-26.4157

-32.8079

47.301

CO2 (g)

-94.0518

-94.2598

51.061

CO2 (aq)

98.69

92.31

29.0

CH4 (g)

17.889

12.140

44.50

CF4 (g)

223.00

212.34

62.50

CCl4 (g)

-24.00

13.92

74.12

C2H2 (g)

54.194

50.0

47.997

C2H4 (g)

12.496

16.282

52.45

C2H6 (g)

20.236

7.860

54.85

C2H6(g) cyclopropane

12.74

24.95

56.75

C3H8 (g)

24.82

5.61

64.51

C4H8 (g) cyclobutane

6.37

26.30

63.43

n-C4Hl0 (g)

29.81

3.75

74.10

i-C4Hl0 (g)

31.45

4.30

70.42

C5Hl0 (g) cyclopentane

18.46

9.23

70.00

C6H6 (g)

19.820

30.989

64.34

C6H6 (l)

11.718

29.756

41.30

C6H12 (g) cyclohexane

29.43

7.59

71.28

n-C8H18 (g)

49.82

3.92

111.55

n-C8H18 (l)

59-74

1.55

86.23

HCOOH (g)

86.67

80.24

60.0

HCOOH (l)

97.8

82.7

30.82

HCOOH (aq)

98.0

85.1

39.1

HCOO- (aq)

98.0

80.0

21.9

H2CO3 (aq)

167.0

149.00

45.7

H2CO3 (aq)

165.18

140.31

22.7

C032- (aq)

161.63

126.22

12.7

CH3COOH (l)

116.4

93.8

38.2

CH3COOH (aq)

116.743

95.51

 

CH3COO- (aq)

116.843

89.02

 

HCHO (g)

27.7

26.2

52.26

HCHO (aq)

 

31.0

 

CH3OH (g)

48.10

38.70

56.8

CH3OH (l)

57.036

39.75

30.3

CH3OH (aq)

58.77

41.88

31.63

CH3OCH3 (g)

43.99

26.99

63.83

C2H5OH (g)

56.27

40.30

67.4

C2H5OH (l)

66.356

41.77

38.4

CH3CHO (g)

39.76

31.96

63.5

CH3CHO (aq)

49.88

 

 

C6H12O6 (s) glucose

301.2

219.7

69.04

C18H32O2 (s) stearic acid

226.8

   

Si (g)

88.04

77.41

40.120

Si (s)

0.0

0.0

4.47

SiO2 (s, quartz)

205.4

192.4

10.00

Ge (g)

78.44

69.50

40.106

Ge (s)

o 0

0.0

10.14

Sn (g)

72

64

40.245

Sn (s, gray)

0.6

1.1

10.7

Sn (s, white)

0.0

0.0

12.3

Pb (g)

46.34

38.47

41.890

Pb (s)

0.0

0.0

15.51

Pb2+ (aq)

0.39

5.81

5.1

PbSO4 (s)

219.50

193.89

35.2

PbO2 (s)

66.12

52.34

18.3

N (g)

112.965

108.870

36.6145

N2 (g)

0.0

0.0

45.767

NO (g)

21.600

20.719

50.339

NO2 (g)

8.091

12.390

57.47

NO2 (aq)

25.4

8.25

29.9

NO- (aq)

49.372

26.43

35.0

N2O

19.49

24.76

52.58

N204 (g)

2.309

23.491

72.73

N2O5 (s)

10.0

32

27.1

HNO (I)

41.40

19.10

37.19

HNO3 (aq)

49.37

26.41

35.0

NH3 (g)

11.04

3.976

46.01

NH3 (aq)

19.32

6.36

26.3

NH4 (aq)

31.74

19.00

26.97

NH4Cl (s)

75.38

48.73

22.6

(NH4)2SO4 (s)

281.86

215.19

52.65

(NH2)2CO (s)

79.63

_47.12

25.00

(NH2)2CO (aq)

76.30

48.72

41.55

P (g)

75.18

66.71

38.98

P (s, white)

0.0

0.0

10.6

P (s, red)

4.4

3-3

(7-0)

P4 (g)

13.12

5.82

66.90

PCl3 (g)

73.22

68.42

74.49

PCl5 (g)

95.35

-77.57

84.3

As (g)

60.64

50.74

41.62

As (s, grey metal)

0.0

0.0

8.4

As4 (g)

35.7

25.2

69

O (g)

59.159

54.994

38.469

O2 (g)

0.0

0.0

49.003

O3(g)

34.0

39.06

56.8

OH- (aq)

54.957

37.595

2.52

H20 (g)

57.798

54.635

45.106

H2O ( I)

68.317

56.690

16.716

S (g)

53.25

43.57

40.085

S (s, rhombic)

0.0

0.0

7.62

S (s, monoclinic)

0.071

0.023

7.78

SO2 (g)

70.96

-71.79

S2- (aq)

10.0

20.0

 

S042- (aq)

216.90

177.34

4.1

H2S (g)

4.815

7.892

49.15

H2S (aq)

9 4

6.54

29.2

F (g)

18.3

14.2

37.917

F- (aq)

78.66

66.08

2.3

F2 (g)

0.0

0.0

48.6

HF (g)

64.2

64.7

41.47

Cl (g)

29.012

25.192

39.457

Cl- (aq)

40.023

31.350

13.2

Cl2 (g)

0.0

0.0

53.286

HCl (g)

22.063

22.769

44.617

HCl (aq)

40.023

31.350

13.2

Br (g)

26.71

19.69

41.8052

Br- (aq)

28.90

24.574

19.29

Br2 (g)

7.34

0.751

58.639

Br2 (I)

0.0

0.0

36.4

HBr (g)

8.66

12.72

47.437

I (g)

25.482

16.766

43.184

I- (aq)

13.37

12.35

26.14

I2 (g)

14.876

4.63

62.280

I2 (s)

0.0

0.0

27.9

I2 (aq)

5.0

3.926

 

HI (g)

6.2

0.31

49.314

ICl (g)

4.2

1.32

59.12

IBr (g)

9.75

0.91

61.8

He (g)

0.0

0.0

30.13

Ne (g)

0.0

0 0

34 45

Ar (g)

0.0

0.0

36.98

Kr (g)

0.0

0.0

39.19

Xe(g)

0.0

0.0

4053

Rn (g)

0.0

0.0

42.10