Innovative Measurement and Photon Science Quantifying structure and dynamics from the atomic to the mesoscopic scale Any understanding of chemical, physical and biological structure and dynamics is fundamentally linked to our ability to characterise any material or process with the highest possible spatio-temporal resolution. All molecular science, if analytical or synthetic, depends heavily on the characterisation of sample identity in terms or both chemical composition and structure, sample stability and in case of mechanistic studies, temporal profiles of physical or chemical parameters. As our measurement accuracy of these sample properties and external variables improves, so does our ability to fine-tune reactions to achieve desired outcomes as well as our understanding of the molecular origin of many chemical and physical phenomena and our abilities to affect or clone them for our purposes. Widening the application of existing measurement protocols and techniques to new problems as well as developing entirely novel experimental, computational and analytical approaches to provide hitherto inaccessible information or data of previously unknown sensitivity or resolution will hence benefit all branches of the molecular sciences. We use and develop techniques as diverse as spectroelectrochemistry, high-resolution microscopies and laser tweezers, Surface Force Balance measurements, gas and condensed phase optical cavity methodologies, Nuclear and Electron Paramagnetic Magnetic Resonance, X-ray and neutron diffraction and Mass Spectrometry.